Re:mbrandt All His Paintings has done the impossible, by bringing all the paintings of Rembrandt together in one location; the beautiful monument Magna Plaza in Amsterdam. All 325 paintings of Rembrandt are shown as high-quality reproductions, in chronicle order and in full size. Using the latest techniques available, all of the paintings have been digitally restored, making them look as they once must have when they left Rembrandt’s studio. Even works that have been stolen, severely damaged, or in private collections can be seen here. The exhibition is organized in collaboration with the Rembrandt Research Project led by Prof. Ernst van de Wetering, one of the world's leading Rembrandt experts.
(18) Self-portrait with beret and raised collar (1657/59)
original location: National Gallery of Scotland, Edinborough
Rembrandt as portrait painter
From 1631 to 1635 Rembrandt painted a large number of portraits in Uylenburgh’s workshop. Because of his experience as a history painter, his portraits were more alive than those done by the specialized portrait painters who had dominated the Amsterdam portrait market up till then. What made them special was that, by restricting the amount of costume details and keeping the slightly undulating contours simple, Rembrandt ensured that the beholder’s attention was mainly drawn to the face. Yet at the heart he always remained first and foremost a history painter. When one surveys his entire oeuvre one sees that the peaks of his activity as a portrait painter always coincided with times when he was in serious need of money, e.g. when he purchased an expensive house in 1639 and again in and after 1652 when bankruptcy threatened as a result of the First Anglo-Dutch War.
(19) Titus at his desk, 1655
The son of Rembrandt
Original location: Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam
(20) Rembrandt and workshop (ca 1660)
Posthumous portrait of Saskia as Flora
Original location: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
A posthumous portrait of Saskia?
This painting is indirectly based on the profile portrait of Saskia (now in Kassel) on which Rembrandt worked, with intervals, from 1633 to Saskia’s death in 1642 Rembrandt had one of his pupils make a copy of that portrait around 1652, which is now in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp. Around the same time Rembrandt sold the original to an art-lover. The painting reproduced here, long incorrectly known as ‘Hendrickje as Flora’, must have been based on the Antwerp copy and could perhaps have been intended as a posthumous portrait of Saskia (as Flora, the goddess of fertility). The last part of the painting is in a very poor condition.
Danae, c. 1636 and 1643 (before the damage in 1985), canvas (cropped on all sides).
Original location: The State Hermitage Museum, St.Petersburg
An incomplete masterpiece
In this painting Danae, locked up in her luxurious prison, receives the lust-driven Zeus, the supreme god, in the form of a beam of light. Rembrandt worked on this painting in two phases. Seven years after completing it in 1636, he painted Danae and her old nurse in c. 1643 afresh in a different style from the rest of the painting. The work was originally the same size as the ‘The blinding of Samson’ but was subsequently cut down on all sides . As a result of research on the canvases of both paintings and comparison with a painting by one of Rembrandt’s pupils (Ferdinand Bol) it was possible to get an idea of the painting in it’s original form and detail.
The large surviving piece of the original was still one of the most beautiful paintings ever when in 1985 it was sprayed with a corrosive liquid by a maniac. Despite attempts at restoration, the surface was so badly mutilated that the painting is today a mere shadow of itself. We are particularly pleased that we have been enabled to show a life size reproduction of the painting from the time before the surface was irreparably damaged.
From Dutch Design Hotel Artemis: tram 2, stop Dam Square, location in the Magna Plaza Shopping Centre. Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal 182, Amsterdam. For opening hours and admission fees please check www.rembrandtallhispaintings.com